SC fiber optic connector basic structure
A SC Connector Sample
SC Connector Structure
Elements in a SC connector
SC Connector Fiber Ferrule
How fiber optic connectors mate
Fiber Optic Connector Types and their applications
Standard fiber optic connectors – 2.5mm ferrule
ST connector – simplex only, twist-on mechanism. Available in single mode and multimode.It is the most popular connector for multimode fiber optic LAN applications . It has a long 2.5mm diameter ferrule made of ceramic (zirconia), stainless alloy or plastic. It mates with a interconnection adapter and is latched into place by twisting to engage a spring-loaded bayonet socket.
ST Connector ST Adapter (mating sleeve)
FC connector – simplex only, screw-on mechanism. Available in single mode and multimode.FC connector also has a 2.5mm ferrule (made of ceramic (zirconia) or stainless alloy) . It is specifically designed for telecommunication applications and provides non-optical disconnect performance. Designed with a threaded coupling for durable connections. It has been the most popular single mode connectors for many years. However it is now gradually being replaced by SC and LC connectors.
SC connector – simplex and duplex, snap-in mechanism. Available in single mode and multimode.SC was developed by NTT of Japan. It is widely used in single mode applications for its excellent performance. SC connector is a non-optical disconnect connector with a 2.5mm pre-radiused zirconia or stainless alloy ferrule. It features a snap-in (push-pull) connection design for quick patching of cables into rack or wall mounts. Two simplex SC connectors can be clipped together by a reusable duplex holding clip to create a duplex SC connector.
Simplex SC Connector Duplex SC Connector
Simplex SC Adapter Duplex SC Adapter
FDDI connector – Duplex only, multimode only.FDDI connector utilizes two 2.5mm ferrules. The ferrules are sheltered from damage because of the fix shroud that has been constructed in the FDDI connector. FDDI connector is a duplex multimode connector designed by ANSI and is utilized in FDDI networks. FDDI connectors are generally used to connect to the equipment from a wall outlet, but the rest of the network will have ST or SC connectors.
ESCON connectors derive their name from their original application, IBM's enterprise system connection (ESCON) for mainframe computers. ESCON connectors are similar to FDDI connectors, but contain a retractable shroud instead of a fixed shroud. ESCON connectors have two 2.55 mm ceramic ferrules and a robust strain relief design.
Small form factor fiber optic connectors
LC connector – simplex and duplex – push and latch – 1.25mm ferrule. Available in single mode and multimode.Externally LC connectors resemble a standard RJ45 telephone jack. Internally they resemble a miniature version of the SC connector. LC connectors use a 1.25mm ceramic (zirconia) ferrule instead of the 2.5mm ferrule. LC connectors are licensed by Lucent and incorporate a push-and-latch design providing pull-proof stability in system rack mounts. Highly favored for single mode applications.
LC Connector – Simplex and Duplex
LC Simplex Adapter LC Duplex Adapter
MU connector – simplex, duplex – snap in, 1.25mm ferrule.MU connectors and adapters were developed by NTT, and have push-pull mechanism. They are called “mini SC” and are more popular in Japan. Applications include high-speed data communications, voice networks, telecommunications, and dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM). MU connectors are also used in multiple optical connections and as a self-retentive mechanism in backplane applications.
MU Connector – Simplex and Duplex
MU Adapter – Simplex MU Adapter - Duplex
E2000 connector. 1.25mm ferrule, snap-in mechanism. Also called LX.5 connector. Available in single mode and multimode.Externally a E2000 connector looks like a miniature SC connector. The connector is easy to install, with a push-pull latching mechanism which clicks when fully inserted.It features a spring-loaded shutter which fully protects the ferrule from dust and scratches. The shutter closes automatically when the connector is disengaged, locking out impurities which could later lead to network failure, and locking in potentially harmful laser beams. When it is plugged into the adapter the shutter opens automatically.
MT-RJ connector, duplex only, multimode only. (not 1.25mm ferrule, but rather a two-fiber ferrule design derived from MT). Overall size is about the same as a RJ45 connector.MT-RJ connector is derived from MT ferrule design. It has a miniature two-fiber ferrule with two guide pins parallel to the fibers on the outside. The guides pins align ferrules precisely when mating two MT-RJ connectors. MT-RJ connectors are designed with male-female polarity which means male MT-RJ connector has two guide pins and female MT-RJ connector has two holes instead.MT-RJ connectors are used in intrabuilding communication systems. Since they are designed as plugs and jacks, like RJ-45 telephone connectors, adapters can be used with some designs, but are not required for all.
VF-45 connector (3M Volition), duplex only. No ferrules at all. Plug and jack versions.VF-45 (3M Volition) is designed by 3M. VF-45 features plug and jack design without the need of adapters. VF-45 plug is inserted into the socket(jack) at a 45 degree angle, pressing a pair of fibers into V-grooves inside the socket. This design eliminates the need for expensive ferrules thus reduces connector costs.
Opti-Jack connector. Duplex only. 2.5mm ferrule. Plug and jack version.
Opti-Jack connector is a version of Fiber Jack connector design from Panduit Corporation, that provides a snap-lock plug and socket for a pair of fiber cables. It enables fibers to be quickly plugged and removed in a manner similar to RJ-45 connectors. It is designed around two ST-type 2.5mm ferrules in a package the size of a RJ-45.Fiber Jack is a duplex fiber-optic connector standardized by the TIA (FOCIS-6). TIA stands for Telecommunications Industry Association. Fiber Jack allows two fibers to mate in a snap-lock type of plug and socket similar in size and convenience to an RJ-45 connector.
Opti-Jack(Panduit name Opto-Jack, TIA name “Fiber Jack”) Connector and Adapter
Ribbon Fiber Connector (multiple fiber connectors, 4~12 fibers). Available in single mode and multimode.
MTP and MPO connectorMTP and MPO are compatible ribbon fiber connectors based on MT ferrule which allow quick and reliable connections for up to 12 fibers. They are intended for installations that require many fiber connections. Up to 12 fibers in a ribbon are stripped to 125um cladding and inserted into 250um spaced parallel grooves. The ferrule also includes two 0.7mm diameter holes, running parallel to the fibers on the outer side of the ferrule. These two holes hold precision metal guide pins which align the fibers with tight tolerances.
MTP and MPO connectors feature male and female connector design. Male connectors have two guide pins and female connectors do not. Both connector types need an adapter to mate a pair of male and female connectors.Because MTP and MPO connectors are trying to align so many fibers at once, their coupling loss are typically bigger than single fiber connectors.
MTP – MPO Connector
MTP – MPO Adapter
SMA 905 and SMA 906 connector . Simplex only. Multimode only.SMA 905 and 906 connectors make use of threaded connections and are ideal for military applications because of their low cost multimode coupling.
SMA 905 and SMA 906 multimode connectors are available with stainless alloy or stainless steel ferrules. The stainless alloy ferrule may be drilled from 125um to 1550um to accept various fiber sizes.SMA 906 ferrule has a step, as shown in the following picture, which requires a half sleeve to be installed when mating a SMA 906 connector with SMA 905 mating sleeves.
SMA 905 and 906 Connector
SMA 905 Adapter
Biconic Connector. Simplex only. Available in single mode and multimode.Biconic connectors exhibit a cone-shaped ferrule that helps to align the optical fibers at the connection interface. Their robust design makes biconic connectors well-suited for military fiber optic applications. Fiber Connections terminates biconic connectors on either single mode or multimode fiber optic cable. The ferrule can be made with either polymer or metal.Biconic connector’s applications include LAN and premises networks, data processing systems, medical instrumentation, remote sensing, telemetry, and cable television.
D4 connector. 2.5mm ferrule. Screw-on. Simplex only.D4 connectors are made from a 2.5mm diameter ceramic (zirconia) ferrule for durability. They have a high-performance threading mounting system and a keyed body for repeatability and intermateability.